Cover of Puerto Rico en el mundo

Cover of Puerto Rico en el mundo

The globalized world at the beginning of the twenty-first century has turned traditional notions of national sovereignty and in­ternational relations obsolete, thus opening interesting areas of experimentation with supra­national structures of shared sovereignties. A transforma­tion of the National-states has been put in motion in a rain­bow of novel judicial figures, such as the European Union. It is time, therefore, to overcome insecurities and open areas of imagination and political cre­ativity, in an exemplary frame of optimism, confidence, and activism.

The democratic ethos stipu­lates that in order for freedom to prevail, a common political culture must allow for reaching functional agreements like, for example, adopting a state Con­stitution. In Puerto Rico, how­ever, political parties and mass media constantly insist on mak­ing dialogue difficult; on creat­ing an atmosphere of conten­tion based on partisan loyalties and ideological moral grounds. In spite of this tendency toward immobility and tension, shared ideas prevail among all sectors which are capable of leading to useful dialogues and functional agreements regarding our po­litical future.

The five shared notions described below constitute a starting point for a possible civil-political dialogue with the purpose of updating our con­stitutional order and improving the present democratic deficit that downgrades us all.

1. Puerto Rico is a reality delimited by a particular way of being. Our geography, culture, desires, and history, provide us with an identity different from the rest of humanity. We are, in other words, a particular polis, perceptible and definable, although in continuous transfor­mation. Be it nation, people, or any other name, the concept of a common identity overcomes social, economic, regional, political, racial, geographic, and gender differences. We all are, first and foremost, Puerto Ricans.

2.The supreme responsi­bility of the State and its po­litical-administrative structure (government) is to provide the Puerto Rican community with stability, well-being, and prog­ress; that is to say, improv­ing the material and spiritual condition of its citizens. The exercise of political power must have that purpose; any other end is illegitimate.

3.The foundation of our constitutional organization, by virtue of modernity, is “liberal democracy,” understood as a System of Law with inalienable individual rights (society of free people), and a system of succession based on periodic elections and universal suf­frage. No future transformation should alter that institutional foundation.

4.No matter what future course the formal relationship with the United States takes, some ties should remain. The universal symbol of that rela­tion is American citizenship, extended to future generations; whether it is perceived as an exclusive citizenship or part of a double citizenship. The value of a shared citizenship is based on three basic practi­cal considerations: 1) to inte­grate Puerto Rico into the most powerful economy in the world with its culture of consumption; 2) to maintain the free migra­tory movement to and from the United States; and 3) to per­petuate the flow of funds that come from the welfare system of the United States.

5.The current relationship with the United States is un­satisfactory; it continues to be colonial in nature or at least de­notes some democratic insuffi­ciency. Therefore, some type of transformation is required, although the situation is not as serious as to accept indiscrimi­nate change. The status quo is preferable over any radical, ar­bitrary or unilateral change.

Roberto Gándara Sánchez


Author: Proyectos FPH
Published: January 22, 2008.

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