El Fénix, 1856

El Fénix, 1856

In his book El periodismo en Puerto Rico 1930, Antonio S. Pedreira offers a list of the periodicals of the 18th century. The author compares the records of publications with lists made previously by historians Cayetano Coll y Toste and Henry Miller.

1805-1807 LA GACETA DE PUERTO RICO. 
The date of publication is not officially confirmed, as no copies of the first publication have been found, but it is believed to be May of 1806. It was published under the orders of Captain General Toribio Montes, who installed a press in his offices. The newspaper was published two times a week, on Wednesday and Saturday, and cost one Spanish peso.

1814 DIARIO ECONÓMICO DE PUERTO RICO.
 Founded by the Economic Society of Friends of the Country. It was published three times per week (Monday, Wednesday and Friday) and was printed on the Captain General’s press, like La Gaceta. El Diario Económico covered business, industry and agriculture. It defended free trade, published statistics and brought news from abroad.

1814 EL CIGARRÓN.
 Like many other newspapers, this San Juan publication was short-lived. It was suspended by government censors.

1821 DIARIO LIBERAL Y DE VARIEDADES DE PUERTO RICO. First newspaper published daily on the island. It was printed by Imprenta Fraternidad, owned by Julián Blanco (grandfather of Julián Blanco, the journalist). The periodical included a quote from Horatio on the front page: Virtutem doctrina paret (Let education make the all round man). A subscription cost ten reales per month. It published news from Venezuela, historical articles, western stories, allegories, odes, etc. As a historical note, it presented a project for founding a theater. Most of its contributors signed their articles with pseudonyms such as El Vigilante, El Amigo de la Justicia, El Enemigo de la Opresión, etc.

1820-1822 EL INVESTIGADOR. The first name proposed for this publication was El Espía de Puerto Rico, but in the end it was called El Investigador. Its founder was Pedro Tomás de Córdoba. The publication covered political and legal issues, the arts, sciences, agriculture, literature, morals and family life. It also included news from the Americas. It is unclear whether it was the second publication in Puerto Rico.

June 19-27, 1822. PIEDRA DE TOQUE. Advertised in the Diario Liberal. It was only mentioned in three issues, and no examples have been found.

1822 EL ECO, DIARIO NOTICIOSO DE PUERTO RICO
. This was the second daily to be published. It also published on Sundays. It included meteorological observations and astrology. It was also printed by Imprenta Fraternidad.

1839 EL BOLETÍN INSTRUCTIVO Y MERCANTIL DE PUERTO RICO. Published for the first time in 1839. The Boletín was printed on the Florentino Gimbernat and Santiago Dalmau press. The latter was the publication’s editor. It was published on Wednesdays and Saturdays. A subscription cost eight reales. The first Puerto Rican literary creations were published in this periodical. Under the direction of Ignasio Guasp in 1843, the word “instructivo” was eliminated from the name and it was called the Boletín Mercantil. The founding of the publication was the result of an initiative by the Board of Commerce and the Economic Society of Friends of the Country. It was suspended in 1918.

1846 SEMANA LITERARIA DEL BOLETÍN MERCANTIL. Collection of novels by the best national and international authors. It also carried articles on history, biographies, travel chronicles and poetry. It was published for just one year.

1848 EL IMPARCIAL. Mayagüez was the second city to have a newspaper. The publication lasted just 50 days. General Juan Prim ordered it closed because of its open criticism of the Spanish government. It reappeared as a weekly in 1878 and was suspended again in 1879. It reappeared as a daily in 1885. It was censored on various occasions until its final closure in 1900.

1848 EL PROPAGADOR.
 Second newspaper published in Mayagüez. It was created by the editor, Pablo Simó.

1850 EL SEMANARIO MAYAGÜEZANO. Third publication created in Mayaguez. It was edited by Santiago Basora.

1852 EL OBSERVADOR PONCEÑO. 
First newspaper in Ponce. Its owner was Felipe Conde and the editor was Benito Vilardell. It covered municipal (improvements, roads, bridges) and island affairs.

1855 EL COMPILADOR INDUSTRIAL. Fourth newspaper established in Mayagüez. It was founded by Domincan José María Serra. It was only published on Saturdays and lasted for approximately eight years.

1855 EL FÉNIX. 
Educational and business newspaper in Ponce. It was an eight-page weekly edited by Benito Villardell. It was published until 1860.

1856 LA GUIRNALDA PUERTORRIQUEÑA.
 Literary and fashion newspaper that lasted just one year.

1857 EL MERCURIO. Daily publication founded by Julio Vizcarrondo and edited by Federico Asenjo. The publication was dedicated to agricultural, industrial and business interests. It entered into political issues and criticized administrative initiatives, which led to fines from the island government.

1857 EL AVISADOR COMERCIAL. First newspaper published in the municipality of Arroyo.

1857 EL ECO DEL COMERCIO. Ponce newspaper edited by Lázaro Martínez. It was in circulation until 1867.

1859 EL BOLETÍN ECLESIÁSTICO
. First religious publication in Puerto Rico. It was published without interruption until the late 19th century and continued publishing intermittently until 1930.

1861 EL ECO DEL COMERCIO.
 Encyclopedic weekly in Ponce, edited by Lázaro Martínez. Copies have been compiled to 1867.

1862 LA VOZ DE ESPAÑA. Short-lived newspaper edited by Ignacio Guasp.

1863 DIARIO DE AVISOS
. Mayagüez publication edited by José Montero y Fuentes. It was dedicated to agriculture, industry, business, literature and fashion. It was published Tuesday through Saturday. It included a special supplement on literature.

1863 EL AVISADOR DEL COMERCIO
. Mayagüez publication that circulated until after 1866.

1864 BRISAS DE BORIQUÉN.
 Short-lived newspaper that published the work of the poet Alejandrina Benítez.

1865 EL MOSCARDÓN.
 Short-lived clandestine newspaper in Ponce.

1865 EL PROPAGADOR. 
Short-lived clandestine newspaper in Ponce. The following year it changed its name to EL PAíS, edited by Francisco Vidal. It was published until 1868.

1865 EL ENTREACTO. Sunday supplement to El Propagador during theater seasons. Published in Ponce.

El Progreso

El Progreso

1866

EL CREPÚSCULO.
 Ponce newspaper edited by Francisco Vidal, redacted by Emilio Toro. Literary, instrucction and news dedicated to the youngsters newspaper. It was followed by The Eco.

EL LUNES
. San Juan literary weekly.

LUZ Short-lived newspaper, published in Arecibo.

EL JÍBARO First newspaper in Aguadilla.

EL LOCO First newspaper published in Caguas. Comedy newspaper directed by Matías Gil de Rubio.

EL PAÍS. Newspaper that covered politics, literature, agriculture, business, and public notices. It was edited by Francisco Vidal. It ceased circulation in 1868. It reappeared for a brief period in 1875.

LA EDUCACIÓN 
Short-lived newspaper.

EL REDACTOR
 Short-lived newspaper.

EL DUENDE 
Weekly featuring criticism, satire, literature and entertainment published by Vicente Fontán in San Juan.

1867 

EL ANUNCIADOR. Free biweekly dedicated to publishing advertisements. It was published in Ponce.

1870

1870-1874 EL PROGRESO. San Juan newspaper. Along with La Razón of Mayagüez, it promoted civic involvement in Puerto Rico. It provided orientation for the public about how to vote and urged support for the Liberal Reformist Party.

LA RAZÓN.
 Mayagüez weekly edited by José Ramón Freyre. It carried articles by its editor, Manuel Fernández Juncos, Mario Braschi, José María Monge, and Bonocio Tió, among others. It was published until 1873. It later reappeared in 1890 under the direction of Mario Braschi. It ceased circulation in 1891.

EL PASATIEMPO
. Literary weekly in Ponce, directed by Rafael Rodríguez.

LA HOJA DE ANUNCIO Short-lived newspaper published in Ponce.

EL PROGRESO Short-lived newspaper published in San Juan.

LA REPRESENTACIÓN NACIONAL
 Political newspaper. It was published until 1873.

El PUEBLO ESPAÑOL Short-lived publication published in Mayagüez.

LOS GEMELOS Theater bill, short-lived publication published in Mayagüez.

1871

LA ARAÑA Published in San Juan lived only a month. Directed by Vance.

LA PROVINCIA Published in San Juan, directed by José R. Abad. It was a Reformist newspaper.

LA INSTRUCCIÓN
 Published in San Juan, directed by José R. Abad.

PERO GRULLO Published in San Juan, it still published in 1873.

EL ESPAÑOL. Short-lived newspapers published in San Juan.

DON SIMPLICIO Published in San Juan. Defended reformist ideas.

EL CENTINELA ESPAÑOL Published in Mayagüez. Politics, literary and business newspaper. Direct by Carlos M. Navarro, later by Tomás Raya.

EL ECO DEL PUEBLO Newspaper covering politics, literature, industry and other news, published in Mayagüez. Abruptly suspended by Governor Sanz in 1874.

1872

DON CÁNDIDO
 Conservative Sunday weekly newspaper (supported assimilation with Spain) founded by Antonio Fabián and edited by Carmelo Villamartín Valiente at first and later by Saturnino González Reguera until 1873. It resumed operation in 1879 under the same management until 1880.

LA ESPAÑA RADICAL 
Democratic newspaper, published in San Juan. It was directed first by Jacinto García Pérez, them by Laureano Vega and in 1873 by José Pablo Morales.

LA INDUSTRIA Short-lived newspaper published in San Juan.

EL AVISADOR DEL COMERCIO. Short-lived newspapers published in San Juan.

JUAN BOBO Satirical weekly edited by Ignacio Otero, it was the first newspaper published in Humacao.

LA VERDAD Newspaper that covered religion, science, literature and news. It was the organ of the San Juan Catholic Association. It was published until 1879 and reappeared in 1891.

AVISADOR DE COMERCIO Y LA INDUSTRIA San Juan publication that lasted for nine months.

1873

EL PORVENIR
 Publication that defended Governor Sanz.

LA DEMOCRACIA First newspaper in Arecibo.

LA MAR Published in June in Mayagüez.

EL MURCIÉLAGO 
Newspaper that covered religion, science, literature and news. Published in Mayagüez.

LA JUVENTUD Published in Mayagüez and abruptly suspended by Governor Sanz in 1874.

EL SEMANARIO PUERTORRIQUEÑO Published in San Juan, one of the colaborator was José Pablo Morales.

EL ESTADO FEDERAL
 Published in San Juan, a reformist newspaper was abruptly suspended by Governor Sanz in 1874.

LA LINTERNA
 Political newspaper in Ponce, a supporter of federal republicanism. It was suspended in 1874.

EL DIABLILLO ROJO
 Published in Ponce and abruptly suspended by Governor Sanz in 1874.

DON SEVERO CANTACLARO. Published in Ponce, edited by Mario Braschi and written by Francisco J. Amy. It was liberal in its editorial position.

EL DERECHO. Published in Ponce. Many famous men contributed to it, including: Román Baldorioty de Castro, José Julián Acosta, Nicolás Aguayo, José Pablo Morales, José Gualberto Padilla, and others. Political, literary, business and cultural newspaper. It published 37 issues but was suspended after six months.

LA LIRA Dedicated to cultivating the fine arts, particularly music and poetry. Contributors: Alejandro Tapia, Braulio Dueño, Manuel María Sama, José Tizol, Juan Morel Campos, Salvador Brau, etc. It disappeared in 1876.

1874

EL ARTESANO 
A Republican weekly published on Sundays four times each month in Ponce, it lasted just three months until the arrival of Governor Sanz. Directed by Wistremundo Muñoz.

EL AVISADOR
 Published in Ponce, founded by Ramón Marín and edited by Loreto de J. Montalvo. Literary, business and material interest newspaper. In 1875 it still published.

EL AVISADOR A free publication, published in Ponce under the same name, and dedicated to news and advertisements.

EL TIEMPO of Mayagüez, edited by journalist Juan F. Terreforte. In 1876, it moved to San Germán and was published until 1878.

EL MARTILLO Short-lived newspaper published in Guayama.

ESTA PROVINCIA 
Short-lived newspaper published in San Juan.

El CENTINELA DE ORIENTE
 Maybe a masonic newspaper.

EL LOCO
 Satiric-conservative newspaper directed by Francisco Larroca and published in San Juan.

BOLETÍN DE INSTRUCCIÓN PÚBLICA Short-lived newspapers published in San Juan.

LA VOZ DEL PAÍS 
Founded by Félix Padial and published in the capital, it lasted only one month.

EL ECONOMISTA Founded by José Pablo Morales, this newspaper used paper from the United States with ads printed on it. One of them had a Masonic insignia and the newspaper was fined and later suspended.

EL LOCO Satiric newspaper in San Juan. Editorially conservative, it was edited by Francisco Larroca. It only lasted six months.

1875

LA CRÓNICA DE PONCE. 
Ramón Marín replaced El Avisador with this publication, making it a literary newspaper covering the arts and news. In 1879, Román Baldorioty de Castro took over as editor and the publication took on a liberal reformist slant. As a result, in 1881 the Spanish government banned it.

EL ECO DEL PUEBLO Newspaper edited by Martín Luyando and published in Aguadilla.

EL AGENTE DE NEGOCIOS. Publication founded by Féliz Padial and Federico Asenjo on October 3, 1875. It was edited by its owner, Lucas Benítez Mojica. In January of 1877, Félix Padial became editor and the newspaper changed its name to El Agente. Its management, José Pablo Morales and Federico Asenjo, promoted a literary contest that was overseen by the Puerto Rican Athenaeum. Padial bought the Imprenta Capetillo press and changed the name to Imprenta El Agente. It closed in 1879.

LA PRENSA 
Founded and edited by Antonio Ruiz Quiñones in Mayagüez. It ended in 1880.

LA PAZ Short-lived newspaper published in Mayagüez. Politic and literary newspaper some of the writer were Bonocio Tió, José M. Monge, Francisco J. Amy y Manuel Fernández Juncos.

LA PATRIA
 Morning daily founded by Bonocio Tió Segarra and published in Mayagüez.

LA TARDE Newspaper edited by Martín Fernández. It was fined on various occasions by government censors for its liberal views. It was published in Mayagüez.

LA PROPAGANDA Newspaper founded by Martín Fernández after the closure of La Tarde by decree of Governor Sanz. It was published in Mayagüez.

La Bruja 12 de octubre de 1898

La Bruja 12 de octubre de 1898

LA NUEVA ERA Ponce newspaper published daily (except Sunday). Information suggests it was still being published in 1900.

LA BRUJA
 Mayagüez political, humorous with an independent political policy. It was published until 1917, them change to La Revista Blanca.

EL LORO Ponce humorous daily that was published until 1899.

LA BROMA Ponce newspaper that was published until 1899 and reappeared in 1900.

EL HERALDO DE PUERTO RICO
 Founded by Vicente Balbás after the closure of La Integridad Nacional. In 1907, with the island under United States rule, it changed its name to Heraldo de las Antillas and refocused its editorial position. It abandoned its posture of support for assimilation with Spain and identified itself with the pro-independence position.

EL CORREO DE PUERTO RICO Ponce newspaper founded by Eugenio Deschamp and Eugenio Astol. It was also published in English under the name Puerto Rico Mail. It was in operation until 1899.

EL LIBERAL San Juan newspaper founded by Luis Muñoz Rivera. It was edited by Rosendo Rivera Colón.

EL POBRECITO HABLADOR Political weekly in Mayagüez with an independent political policy.

SAN JUAN NEWS
 Bilingual newspaper edited by Mr. Racklin. It was published until 1905.

LA METRALLA
 Biweekly in Humacao edited by Calixto García Gaona.

EL FONÓGRAFO
 Ponce publication edited by Luis R. Velázquez.

El COHETE
 Biweekly newspaper from Utuado, edited by Juan Cabo Porras.

LA PALABRA LIBRE
 Mayagüez daily that covered politics and was the organ of the Workers Union.

LIBECCIN SCATINATU
 Literary newspaper in Coamo edited by J. Ch. Romanacce.

LA ESTRELLA SOLITARIA Evening daily in Ponce that included literature and articles about the arts and sciences. It was published until 1899.

LA AMÉRICA
 Mayagüez publication edited by Nicolás López de Victoria.

EL VESUBIO
 Mayagüez publication edited by González Quiara, after by Eduardo Conde.

LA INFORMACIÓN
 Daily short-lived publication from Mayagüez.

EL AUTONOMISTA Political organ of the Liberal Autonomist Union, published in Ponce.

THE NEW SUN Daily published in Arecibo.

EL PUEBLO
 Politics newspaper from Coamo. Edited by Tomás Carrión Maduro.

CAYEY NEWS LETTER
 Official publication from the 47th Regiment, Infantry, Company H.

LA BANDERA AMERICANA
 Mayagüez publication in operation until 1921.

EL CABLEGRAMA
 Political daily published in Mayagüez. Directed by Luis Ramírez Casablanca.

EL PORVENIR DE BORINQUEN
 Politics newspaper from Mayagüez. Published Thursday and Sunday. Owner and director was Nicolás Arana, ended in 1899.

EL OBRERO LIBERAL 
Ponce publication that supported the labor movement.

EL PORVENIR Politics weekly publication from San Germán, edited by José A. Vivoni, ended 1899.

EL PORVENIR SOCIAL 
Daily that promoted the labor movement and was published in Ponce.

LA LIGA OBRERA Ponce newspaper edited by Fernando J. Matías. It was originally called La Voz del Obrero. It favored the Labor Federation in Ponce. It ceased operations in 1899.

LA PEQUEÑA ANTILLA Newspaper published three times a week that included literature and articles on politics, the arts, sciences, and general interest.

EL RADICAL
 Official organ of the Radical Party, published in Mayagüez.

EL CAÑÓN Political weekly publication in Ponce. Edited by José Picó Matos was suspended by mayor Porrata Doria in 1899. The newspaper was republished in 1900.

EL HOGAR San Juan weekly publication. Edited by Francisco Antonio Rodríguez, who was also the owner.

EL PROGRESO 
San Juan semi monthly newspaper dedicated to philately.

DON JUNÍPERO Biweekly short-lived publication from San Juan.

EL MAGISTERIO
 Professional Sunday newspaper from Department of Education from San Juan.

LA VÍBORA 
Satiric weekly publication from Bayamón.

El Porvenir Social 8 de abril de 1899

El Porvenir Social 8 de abril de 1899

EL BRUJO Published in Mayagüez triweekly, edited by José Ramos Brans.

EL BRUJITO and GEDEÓN Two Mayagüez publications edited by José Ramos Brans.

EL BRUJO
 Satirical Ponce weekly edited by R. Martínez Campos. It was published until 1930.

CANTA CLARO
 Political, satirical and humorous daily founded by Ramón Mayoral Barnés.

EL CARIBE
 San Juan and Ponce literary weekly written and edited by Carlos del Toro Fernández.

LA TIJERA
 
Mayagüez weekly publication.

EL PUEBLO Triweekly politics and literary newspaper from Ponce, edited by Tomás Carrión Maduro.

LA METRALLA Ponce newspaper published three times a week.

EL TERRITORIO 
Evening daily published in San Juan.

EL TERRUÑO
 Mayagüez political newspaper, official publication of the League of Puerto Rican Patriots.

LA PATRIA Independent daily.

LA JUVENTUD FEDERAL Official organ of the Federal Party, published in San Germán.

EL HIJO DE MOMIO
 Newspaper published in San Juan.

LA VOZ POPULAR
 Daily published in Arecibo and edited by Juan C. Prats Bonilla. It was suspended for a period and reappeared in 1900.

LA VOZ DE LA PATRIA Edited by Elices Montes.

EL CARNAVAL San Juan publication that became the magazine Gráfico in 1911.

EL ESPAÑOL
 Triweekly publication from San Juan, the slogan was “Everything for peace and harmony, everything for moral and material prosperity, nothing absolutely nothing for politics”. Edited by Aquilino Fernández.

LA REGIÓN Short-lived San Juan publication.

EL CICLÓN
 Ponce newspaper edited by Tomás Carrión Maduro. Publishing began in September.

EL INDEPENDIENTE
 Ponce newspaper edited by Tomás Carrión Maduro. Publishing began in July.

EL INDEPENDIENTE San Germán biweekly political and literary short-lived newspaper.

EL DEBATE
 Ponce publication.

EL GRITO DEL PUEBLO
 Published in Ponce, edited by Guillermo Atiles García.

LA VERDAD 
Ponce publication.

LA CRÍTICA MODERNA
Weekly in Peñuelas on sciences, art, letters and news.

LA ESTRELLA FEDERAL
 Mayagüez newspaper that covered politics. Edited by Pablo Roig, writer by Eugenio Astol.

LA TIJERA
 Mayagüez weekly publication.

EL RELÁMPAGO
 Satirical newspaper, defender of the proletariat.

EL JIBARITO
 Weekly published in Bayamón, edited by José M. de la Torre.

EL IDEAL REPUBLICANO
 Political weekly publication from Bayamón, edited by Luis Venegas.

EL NUEVO DIARIO
 San Juan publication edited by Pedro R. de Diego.

PLUMAS 
Ponce weekly edited by Eugenio Astol that included literature and articles on the arts and sciences.

EL PITIRRE
 Short-lived publication from Ponce.

LA PROPAGANDA Short-lived publication from Ponce.

THE PORTO RICO AMERICAN
 Ponce newspaper in English.

LA VANGUARDIA
 Ponce daily newspaper covering politics that favored the Republican Party. It was published until 1901.

LA CHISPA Weekly newspaper published in Manatí, edited by José Rivera Miranda. In 1903 was republished to 1906 an again reappear in 1907 to 1909.

LA DEFENSA 
Short-lived weekly newspaper from Juana Díaz, edited by Carlos Toro Fernández.

EL IDEAL CATÓLICO
 Weekly publication from the Ponce Catholic Association. Administered by the painter Miguel Pou. End the publication in 1915.

SAN CIRIACO
 Publication from Aguadilla.

LA VOZ DE YAUCO 
Yauco short –lived political publication. Its appear every five days.

LA VOZ POPULAR 
Arecibo Daily publication edited by Juan C. Prats Bonilla.

EL TANAMÁ
 Arecibo Federal Party points of view daily publication.

 

Information adapted from the book El Periodismo en Puerto Rico by Antonio S. Pedreira. Río Piedras: Editorial Edil, 1969.

Data may be incomplete or unavailable.

Author: Grupo Editorial EPRL
Published: September 12, 2014.

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