The José Celso Barbosa School was one of the many institutional buildings that were constructed as part of the Americanization program conducted by the United States government in the first decades of the 20th century. This was the second public school built in the San Juan neighborhood of Puerta de Tierra.
The school building displays the beaux arts style of architecture preferred by Puerto Rican architects of the era, as it combined both classical and renaissance forms. Among the elements of this style that create the elegant and feminine air of the structure are the garlands; the cartouches, which are tablets, panels or a coat of arms that serve as ornamentation above the doors; pediments above the windows; and the Ionic order of the columns.
The design consists of a U-shaped structure, with the west wing larger than the east wing. There is an interior patio that is bordered by galleries on both levels which are reached through the other spaces in the building. The main façade is composed of a pavilion with a loggia that projects above the main floor to form a portico.
The building is still used for educational purposes today and is home to a public high school.
Adapted by the PROE Editorial Group
Original source: Catalog of Properties, National Register of Historic Sites, State Office of Historic Conservation, Office of the Governor, 1995.
Author: Grupo Editorial EPRL
Published: September 08, 2014.
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