Ruins of the chapell of the Santo Domingo monastery at San Germán

Ruins of the chapell of the Santo Domingo monastery at San Germán

1599 – 1602
Alonso de Mercado
Governor, captain general, and warden of La Fortaleza.

1602-1608
Captain Sancho Ocho de Castro.
This governor began construction of the council hall and an infirmary for soldiers. He also repaired the San Antonio bridge that connected the islet to the main island; provided the capital with a public fountain; and pursued the construction of El Morro.

1608-1614
Gabriel de Rojas Páramo.
Under his command, the Boquerón fort (also called San Jerónimo del Boquerón) and El Cañuelo Fort (also called San Juan de la Cruz) were built.

1614-1620
Felipe de Beaumont y Navarra.
In 1617, the cities of San Felipe de Arecibo and San Blas de Ilescas (Coamo) were founded. He also rebuilt in stone the San Antonio bridge, which was demolished, along with the east gates to San Juan, in 1897.

1620-1625
Juan de Vargas y Asejas.
Helped his recently named successor, Juan de Haro, in the defense against the Dutch.

1625-1631
Juan de Haro y Sanvítores.
The last governor who was given the title of governor and warden of La Fortaleza simultaneously. He defended the island against the Dutch attack led by Balduino.

1631- 1635
Captain Enrique Enriquez de Sotomayor.
Began construction of the walls of the capital to protect it from attacks by the English, French, privateers, and Caribe indigenous people. He ordered the construction of the Fort San Cristóbal , rebuilt the Santo Domingo Convent and raised a new crossing in the San Juan Cathedral.

1635-1641
Captain Iñigo de la Mota Sarmiento.
Continued the construction of the walls of San Juan until the work was finished in 1641 with the Santiago gate, later known as the “Puerta de Tierra.”

1641
Captain Agustín Silva y Figueroa.
Donated the altars for the Nuestra Señora de la Concepción Hospital.

1642-1643
Juan de Bolaños.
Interim governor.

1643-1650
Fernando de la Riva Agüero.
Allowed island residents to be inducted into the Spanish army.

1650-1656
Diego de Aguilera y Gamboa.
The era of the aides-de-camp began under this governor. He opposed the implementation of paper money. At the end of his time in office, he was accused of heresy.

1656-1661
José Novoa y Moscoso.
During his command, the artillery corps was increased and La Fortaleza was repaired.

1661-1664
Juan Pérez de Guzmán.
Protected fugitive slaves from the island of St. Croix. His action was supported by the Indies Council, which stipulated that fugitive slaves would be free, as long as they were baptized and swore allegiance to the monarch. This attracted many fugitive slaves, and it became necessary to provide them with a place to settle. Thus arose the San Mateo de Cangrejos colony, which today is part of Santurce and Isla Verde.

1664-1670
Jerónimo de Velasco.
During his governorship, the settlement of Guayanilla was burned by privateers.

1670-1674
Gaspar de Arteaga.
Under his governorship, a census of the capital was conducted (1673), which counted 365 free men with their families and slaves, and 259 homes.

1674
Diego de Robledillo y Velasco.
Interim governor and warden of San Felipe del Morro.

1674-1675
Baltasar de Figueroa y Castilla.
Interim governor.

1675-1678
Alonso de Campos y Espinosa.
During his governorship, there was an economic crisis and an increase in smuggling.

1678-1683
Juan de Robles Lorenzana.
During his term, smuggling was so widespread that Aguada asked to be separated from the San Germán region so it could better control illegal activities.

1683-1685
Gaspar Martínez de Andino.
At the end of his governorship he was arrested and his assets impounded on accusations of smuggling.

1685-1690
Juan Francisco de Medina.
Proposed immigration of Canary Island residents to Puerto Rico to increase the population. About one hundred Canary Island families were given land and a team of oxen in the Hato del Rey (today the Hato Rey sector of San Juan).

1690-1695
Gaspar de Arredondo y Valle.
Provided for the division of Puerto Rico into five regions. He returned to power in 1699.

1698
Tomás Franco.
Interim governor.

1698-1699
Antonio de Robles Silva.
Interim governor.

1699-1700
Gaspar de Arredondo y Valle.
Governor for a second time.

Note: These articles have been edited and checked by academics and specialists in History. Discrepancies may exist among historians regarding some data.

Author: Grupo Editorial EPRL
Published: September 11, 2014.

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