Barranquitas is located in the central region of Puerto Rico and measures 86.7 square kilometers (33.5 square miles). The name of the town comes from the clayey ditches cut into the earth by running water, gullies that are called barrancas, the diminutive of which is barranquitas. The town is known as “the birthplace of founding fathers,” “the birthplace of craft fairs,” “the altar of the Nation,” and “Luis Muñoz Rivera’s town.” According to the 2000 census, there are 28,909 barranquiteños, living in eight wards: Barrancas, Barranquitas Pueblo, Cañabón, Helechal, Honduras, Palo Hincado, Quebrada Grande, and Quebradillas. The patron saint is Saint Anthony of Padua, whose feast is celebrated on June 13. Another important festival is the crafts fair, for Barranquitas is an important crafts center, particularly for religious carvings, utensils, and musical instruments.
The economy is based on coffee, tobacco, fruit, and ornamental plants. The town also has some clothing and shoe manufacturing. The climate is very attractive for tourism.
Barranquitas is located in the eastern humid mountain region of the Central Mountain range. It is bordered on the north by Corozal and Naranjito, on the south by Coamo and Aibonito, on the east by Comerío and Cidra, and on the west by Orocovis. The topography is mountainous and steep. Elevations vary between 500 and 3,000 feet (150 and 900 meters) above sea level, and include La Torrecilla 3,094 feet (943 meters) and Farallón 2,585 feet (788 meters) peaks, as well as San Cristóbal Canyon.
There are several rivers in the municipality. The Río Grande de Manatí originates in Barrancas ward at an approximate elevation of 2,224 feet (678 meters) above sea level. The Cañabón River originates in the ward of the same name and runs into the Botijas River, which in turn springs from Palo Hincado Ward and marks part of the border with Orocovis. The Usuabón River runs into Barranquitas from Aibonito; and after gathering the waters of the Piñonas and La Quebrada del Helechal Rivers, the river flows through the San Cristóbal Canyon to become a tributary of the La Plata River. Another tributary of the La Plata River is the Río Hondo, which is fed by the waters of the Caliente y Frío and Quebrada Grande rivers. The mid-sized Barrancas River springs from the highlands of Torrecilla ward and runs towards the north, where it becomes the Río Grande de Manatí. There are also several brooks, including Palo Hincado, Padilla, Quebradillas, and Farallón.
In the early 19th century there was no defined geographical location for the place that we know today as Barranquitas. Documents show that there were 30 settlers in the hills of Barranquitas, which belonged to the somewhat distant town of Coamo. It was due to this distance that the settlers wanted to have their own separate town and parish so that they could avoid the difficult hike to the neighboring churches for Catholic services. Barranquitas only had a hermitage where there was no regular Mass, only special celebrations. Thus, Barranquitas was founded, as were many other municipalities, largely for religious reasons. This was the reason that in 1803, 72 residents petitioned the government for the founding of a new town. A year later, the petition was granted and, the town of Barranquitas was founded. By 1825 the municipality was fairly large, comprising Pueblo, Helechal, Palo Hincado, Barrancas, Quebradillas, Quebrada Grande, Honduras, Río Hondo, Comerío Alto, Comerío Bajo, and Orocovis wards.
That same year Orocovis ward separated from Barranquitas to join Barros ward from the municipality of Morovis to create the new town of Barros (now Orocovis). Comerío Alto, Comerío Bajo, and Río Hondo wards also separated a year later and joined up with Cidra and Bayamón wards to create the new partido or county of Sabana del Palmar (now Comerío). During the 19th century Helechal, Palo Hincado, Honduras, Quebrada Grande, Quebradillas, Barrancas, and Pueblo wards, as well as a new ward, Cañabón, probably a subdivision of Barrancas are shown belonging to the municipality. The town center had two streets with wooden houses, some of which had gardens. In 1894, the economy was largely based on the harvests of 84 coffee farms, 52 produce farms, and 3 sugarcane plantations. Guano was mined to be used as fertilizer and there was some tobacco and produce farming.
In 1902, pursuant to a law enacted by the Puerto Rico Legislature to consolidate some of the municipalities, Barranquitas was consolidated with the municipality of Barros (Orocovis). Two years later, under new legislation, Barranquitas regained its status as a municipality.
The Barranquitas flag has three horizontal bands of the same size. The upper band is white, a reference to the coat of arms; the middle band is green, a reference to the vegetation, and the lowest is yellow, a reference to the golden gullies of the San Cristóbal Canyon.
Coat of Arms
The Barranquitas coat of arms bears an image of golden gullies with green cliffs on a silver field, which refer to the San Cristóbal Canyon, the name of the town, and one of its wards. There is a trumpet tree on each cliff, a male to the right and a female to the left. These trees proliferate in the mountains of Puerto Rico and symbolize the elevation of the municipality, one of the highest on the island. The coat of arms is crowned with a turreted castle, an emblem of the status of municipality.
1804 Antonio Aponte Ramos
1808 Antonio de Berríos
1809 Antonio Aponte Ramos
1810 Antonio de Berríos
1811 Pablo de Rivera
1814 Manuel de Santiago
1815 Alejo Vázquez
1816 José A. Colón de Rivera
1817 Benito José del Hoyo
1818 Manuel D. Santiago and Manuel D. García
1819 Cecilio Aponte and Florencio Alvarado
1821 José Antonio Colón
1822 José de Barrios, Francisco de Sales Colón and Manuel Alvarez
1823 Manuel de Rivera Burgos and Manuel de Santiago
1824 Cecilio Aponte
1825 Juan Tomás de Figueroa
1826 Juan Prudencio Alvarado, José María de Rivera and Cecilio D. Aponte
1827 Manuel de Rivera Burgos and Santiago Ortiz
1829 José Antonio Colón and Francisco de Rivera
1830 José D. Rivera
1831 Antonio Albertos
1832 Francisco de Rivera Luna and Tomás Escalera
1833 Gregorio Laubriel
1834 Manuel López
1836 José Colón Torres
1838 Pedro Ramos Colón
1840 Juan José de Rivera
1842 Manuel Rivera Luna
1844 Tomás Escalera Castro and Ramón Colón
1845 Tomás Escalera Castro
1846 Manuel Rivera Lima and Pedro Ramos Colón
1847 José Colón Torres and Francisco Bosh
1848 Francisco Carreras
1851 Carlos José Gavarín
1852 Blas Berríos and Pedro María García
1854 Simón Rojas y Calles
1856 Luis R. Muñoz Barrios
1864 Francisco Díaz Reino
1865 Francisco Jiménez Conde
1867 Bonifacio Ferrer
1868 Francisco Córdova Santana
1870 Alfredo E. Alonso
1871 Salvador Villaronga y Saubleda
1872 Francisco Santaella, José Colón Torres and Pedro L. Colón Santaella
1873 José Colón Torres, José Ramón Medina
1874 José Dolores Burgos
1876 Francisco Jiménez
1880 Antonio Jiménez Gómez
1881 Luis P. Sánchez y Joaquín Rojas
1885 Mariano Villalonga
1887 José Rojas Martínez
1888 Nicolás Santini Ortiz and Perfecto Paradis
1889 Tomás Agrait Delgado
1890 Carlos Z. Buitrago y Nicolás Santini Ortiz
1893 Joaquín Rojas Martínez
1894 Mariano Villalonga
1895 Nicolás Santini Ortiz
1896 Benigno Colón Ortiz and Mariano Villalonga
1897 Nicolás Santini Ortiz and José Félix Colón de Hoyos
1898 Julio F. Ortiz Pérez
1900 José Félix Colón de Hoyos
1902 Joaquín Colón Márquez
1905 Antonio Vázquez Ramos
1941 Ramón T. Rivera
1949 Ezequiel Marrero Colón
1969 Efraín Colón Torres
1976 José Zayas Green
1986 Eloy Aponte Colón
1990 Teodorín Rodríguez Rivera
1993 José Zayas Green
1996 – currently Francisco López López
Hon. Francisco “Paco” López López
Places of Interest
• La Ceiba Recreational Area
• Batey Palo Hincado
• Camp Morton
• Las Bocas Canyon
• Joaquín Rojas Residence Museum
• Luis Muñoz Rivera Birthplace
• Castillo El Cortijo
• Luis Muñoz Rivera Cultural Center
• Sports Complex
• Mausoleum of the Muñoz Family
• Mi Taller Artisanal crafts shop
• Niaian Guest House
• San Cristóbal Canyon Natural Reserve
Francisco Aponte Pérez – Attorney and political figure. Aponte Pérez was President of the Bar Association in 1971 and senator-at-large between 1981 and 1988.
Luis de Casenave – Photographer and journalist. Casenave was one of the most renowned Puerto Rican photographers and worked at newspapers such as El Imparcial and El Mundo.
Ramón A. Cruz – Educator. Cruz initially taught at the school in his home town, but soon rose until he became the Undersecretary of the Department of Public Education in 1973. Later he became secretary of the department until 1976. Cruz was President of Inter American University between 1978 and 1988.
Luis Muñoz Rivera – poet, journalist, and political figure. Muñoz published his first poems in Manuel Fernández Juncos’ newspaper El buscapié. He was the founder and leader of the Puerto Rican Autonomist Party and founded the newspaper La Democracia, which he used to campaign against oppression and injustice. He signed the so-called Sagasta Pact with Práxedes Mateo Sagasta, the leader of the Spanish Liberal Party and Prime Minister, which led to the Charter of Autonomy in 1897. Under the short-lived autonomous government of Puerto Rico he was Secretary of Justice and the Interior. He was also one of the founders of the Federal Party (1900) and the Unionist Party (1903). In 1910, he became Resident Commissioner in Washington, DC. He also founded the newspapers El Territorio (1899), El Diario de Puerto Rico (1900), and The Puerto Rico Herald (1901).
José Muñoz Rivera – poet, journalist, and Secretary of the Puerto Rico Senate (1933 – 1940). Muñoz published some of his writings in the newspapers La Democracia, Puerto Rico Ilustrado, and El Mundo. His early poetry was socially oriented, while he later adopted a modernist aesthetic. His best know poems are “Madre Tierra,” “Oh, montaña,” “El canto de la esperanza,”Sol de gloria,” “El vaso de la vida,” and “Perlas y gloria.”
Angela Negrón Muñoz – essayist, journalist, and one of the most active feminists on the Island. Her father was the journalist Quintín Negrón Sanjurjo. Negrón Muñoz was active and wrote articles for the newspapers Puerto Rico Ilustrado, El Porvenir, La Democracia, El Día and El Mundo. In 1935 she published a book of women”s biographies, Biografías de mujeres. In 1944, she was awarded a journalism prize by the Instituto de Literatura Puertorriqueña for her article “La tragedia que vive en las entrañas de San Juan.” She founded a magazine, El Idearium, which carried articles on the arts, science, and letters. As a feminist she fought for women’s and children’s rights. Negrón Muñoz organized the Society for the Defense and Welfare of Children as well as the Women’s Temperance League.
Mercedes Negrón Muñoz – journalist and poet, better known as Clara Lair. Negrón Muñoz was a daughter of the renowned poet Quintín Negrón and a niece of Luis Muñoz Rivera. Lair wrote about love, life, and death. Her work won many awards from the Institute of Puerto Rican Culture. Her prose was recognized by the Instituto de Literatura Puertorriqueña. In 1996, the Puerto Rican filmmaker Ivonne Belén made a film about her life, A Passion named Clara Lair.
José A. Negrón Sanjurjo – poet and journalist. Negrón Sanjurjo taught school in Caguas and Comerío, among other towns. He published his first work in the weekly El Buscapié, directed by Manuel Fernández Juncos and co-founded El Palenque de la Juventud in 1886. His first political satire in verse was published in the newspaper La Democracia under the penname of “Heráclito”. Negrón Sanjurjo’s work was published in three volumes Mensajeros (1899), Versos postales (1903), Poesías (1905). He also was a bank manager at the Banco Crédito y Ahorro Ponceño.
Quintín Negrón Sanjurjo – attorney, poet and journalist. Negrón Sanjurjo published his first poems in the newspaper El buscapié directed by Manuel Fernández Juncos. In 1895, he moved to Ponce, where he became a renowned political journalist. Negrón Sanjurjo’s daughter was the poet Clara Lair. Emotion, the landscape, and love are present in his poetry.
Luis Villaronga – teacher, attorney, journalist, essayist, and novelist. Author of the novel Banderas rojas (1933), among others, and many essays.
• Celeriac Festival – April/May
• Patron Saint”s festival – June
• National Crafts Fair of Barranquitas – July
• Viva Mi Calle Festival – November
• Lighting of Christimas Tree – December
Note: These articles have been edited and checked by academics and specialists in History. Discrepancies may exist among historians regarding some data.
Author: Grupo Editorial EPRL
Published: June 04, 2010.
Images Gallery of Barranquitas
This post is also available in: Español