The early chronicles of the colonization of
Sotomayor is credited with founding the Villavilla: The villa was a settlement that had certain privileges to distinguish it from a village or aldea. de Sotomayor in the northwest (Aguada or Añasco) and of attempting a second settlement in the area of Guánica. Presumably this was near the territory under Agueybaná, who was considered the principal chief or cacique on the island, in some undetermined site between the mouth of the Coayuco (Yauco) River in what is now Indios ward in Guayanilla, or near what is now Guánica.
Our historians have proposed the existence of other probable early settlements. For example, there was a provisional settlement at the mouth of a river called Ana by the indigenous people, near what is now Manatí; another towntown, founding: A group of vecinos that wanted to found a town had to grant a power of attorney to one or more other vecinos to represent them before the governor and viceroy. This person could authorize the founding of the town and the establishment of a parish. The grantors of the power of attorney had to be a majority in the given territory and more than ten in number. Once the case had been made, the governor appointed a capitán poblador or settlement official to represent the vecinos and one or more delegates, who usually lived in nearby cabildos vecinos to receive the necessary documentation. Proof was required that the settlement was so far from a church that it was very difficult for the settlers to partake of sacraments and municipal services. In general, proof was provided of the absence or bad condition of roads and bridges. If the petition was approved, it was required that the vecinos mark off the new municipality and build public works such as a church, a parish house, a government house (Casa del Rey), a slaughterhouse, and a cemetery, and to set aside land for the town square or plaza and the commons (ejidos). The vecinos were expected to cover the cost of building these works by levying special assessments. Usually one of the land owners donated some land for the founding. Once the requirements had been met, the governor authorized the founding of the town and the parish, and he appointed a Lieutenant at War who usually was the same capitán poblador. called Higüey, at the mouth of the river now called Añasco; a settlement called Villa de Tavara near what is now
Caparra was a port and the seat of government, a center for communication and commerce with
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